At present, there are approximately one hundred and fifty large and small dams and reservoirs in Pakistan. Most of the dams and reservoirs had developed during 1960 and 1975. According to the International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), total dams and reservoirs in Pakistan over 15 meters are 150. Below is the list of the top five biggest dams of Pakistan.
Pakistan is a country where people feel at ease. Features hidden day tripper families and people, Damn wonderful sites, and some of the world\’s most supreme and captivating inheritance locations because of its various spectacular highland collections. Pakistan continues to be an amazing motherland for the tourism sector in every way. Due to its great potential appeal, the nation-state has recently been dubbed the world\’s highest vacation destination for 2020.
Pakistan has around 150 dams that stretch from corner to corner in all of the country\’s outlying districts. These dams are not only a source of electrical energy and water, but they also serve as idyllic holiday spots for the inhabitants.
Also Read: List Of Famous Deserts Of Pakistan
Purpose Of Dam
Dams serve various purposes, including water control, regular liquid regeneration, hydropower electrical energy generation, and water supply, and are typically built on waterways and rivers. In Pakistan, there are over 150 dams. Pakistan is holy in that it holds the title of having the world\’s largest filling the earth dam, the Tarbela Dam. According to a recent study, Pakistan has 150 dams with a total height of 15 meters and 49 feet. The primary goal of dam construction is to control water overflows, store liquid, generate hydropower electrical energy, and benefit the local population. Streams and watercourses are commonly using to build these dams. The majority of Pakistan\’s walls and dams are located in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The majority of the dams were built between 1960 and 1975.
Because of the rapid construction of dams of Pakistan, the country has been named the world\’s most common earth-filled dam, the Tarbela Dam. Warsak Dam is one of Pakistan\’s largest dams, according to official records. The dam is located on the Kabul River, northwest of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa\’s provincial town seat.
1 – Warsak Dam
Warshak\’s dam has completed the two most essential stages. The main segment was built in 1960, while the subsequent phase was complete between 1980 and 1981. Furthermore, the whole elevation is roughly 250 feet, with a 460-foot dimension. A total of 156 million rupees was investe in the construction of the Warsak dam. Furthermore, the Warsak Dam Hydropower Development can generate 243 megawatts of electricity.
In June 2012, the Pakistan WAPDA announced adding a 300 MW driving force to Warsak, bringing Warsak\’s total electrical energy generation capacity to 525 MW. Currently, the management is working to recover the dam from dealing with the increased public costs. According to reports, Germany would grant a 40 million euro loan to Pakistan to reintegrate the Warsak dam-building issue. Which was put in place many decades ago on the Kabul River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
2 – Tarbela Dam
Tarbela is the largest dams of Pakistan. This barrage is located near Swabi, Pakistan, and is hundreds of kilometers northwest of Islamabad. On the Indus River, this massive barrage was constructe. The barrage\’s most important resolution remained to stock liquid for the synthetic procedure of smearing measured amounts of liquid to land-living to assist in manufacturing garners and generating electrical energy.
The construction of the dam began in 1968 and was completed in 1976. With a storage capacity of 11.1 MAF, the dam was built 143 designs beyond the waterway strap. The dam\’s concentrated height range remains at 1550 feet. When it comes to electricity generation, the dam features seventeen seawater turbines dedicated solely to the construction of hydroelectric energy. The Tarbela dam can produce 4888 Megawatts of electricity, accounting for around 70% of hydroelectric power generation.
3 – Diamer Bhasha Dam
This dam is the largest dam in the country, with most of it located in Kohistan, KPK, and a small piece in Diamer, Gilgit Baltistan. The dam is currently not in operation, but it is expect to become the domain\’s top dam once it reaches completion. In Pakistan, there is a new dam. With its twelve turbines, the Bhasha dam, which is now being built on the Indus River, is expect to generate 4800 megawatts of electricity. It also has a rainwater storage capacity of roughly eight MAF with a surface area of 110 km2. For example, the general public struggled to keep track of the voltage notices most of the time in the past.
According to authorities, this dam has the potential to propel Pakistan\’s economic growth. It will increase the lifecycle of the Tarbela dam by thirty-five years as a result. General Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan\’s former president, proposed a strategy for constructing the Diamer Bhasha Dam. Despite the dam\’s official opening, the structure has been choked several times due to a lack of resources.
The construction of this 4500 MW electrical energy generating dam was initially estimate to cost $12 billion; but, according to many experts, the project\’s total cost could range from $18 to $20 billion. There will also be 14 dam entrances with a total height of 272 cadences. This dam, which has a capacity of 8,100,000 acre-feet, will withstand crude artificial lake measures.
The barrier will exist as a result of the consumption of two different driving factors. Each driving force will equipped with six turbines with a combine capacity of 4500 MW. The construction of the Diamer Bhasha Dam has recently resume, and it is expect to take around nine years to complete. The planned dam will have a maximum height of 270 meters and the ability to store about 74 million acre-feet of water.
4 – Hub Dam
It is located on the Hub River. With the designation of Hub Dam, Hub Dam remains an artificial liquid lake. This Barrier is located in Balochistan and Sindh countryside in the Lasbela and Karachi Regions, approximately 56 kilometers from Karachi. It is the largest dams of pakistan Using an 8000-meter storing capacity that isn\’t very smart. On the other side, this made the Barrier Pakistan\’s third most common Dam. On the assumption that This Barrier is still the most important foundation for liquid consumption in Karachi.
Sindh Direction designated the area surrounding the Dam as a Natural World National Park in 1974. The National Park covers a total area of 27219 hectares. This national park remains the most satisfactory area for feeding and nesting Chucks, Gumboots, Pelicans, and Winches. The hub Dam named Ramsar Location on May 1, 2001.
This Dam is also a well-known tourist destination. On the other side, many people from Karachi visit this location during their vacations to enjoy whirling, picnicking, and fishing. A leisure house by WAPDA is also available for travelers to utilize as a stopover.
5 – Karabagh Dam
In place of the names and records of well-known Pakistani dams, the haze over disputed Pakistani dams has been replaced by dam Karabagh, Pakistan\’s second-largest Dam. The Kalabagh Dam has proposed as an electricity-generating barrage in the Mianwali Region of Punjab, Pakistan.
This Block is still standing at Kalabagh, on the banks of the Indus River. If assembled, the Karabagh dam can generate up to 3600 MW of electricity. The most significant benefit of the Dam, on the other hand, is that it helps to control the nation-H2O state\’s disasters. Furthermore, the construction of the Kalabagh Dam is still a source of contention in Pakistan. When it comes to electricity-generating, the Dam features fifteen seawater turbines dedicated solely to the construction of hydroelectric energy.
The capacity of the Kala Bagh dam to produce energy is 4222 Megawatts, and the Karabagh dam generates around 60% of hydroelectric electrical power generation. However, Dam construction is primarily motivate by the need to control water overflows, store liquid, generate hydropower electrical energy, and benefit the local population. Streams and watercourses are commonly use to build these dams.
6 – Mangla Dam
Mangla Dam, the second largest dams of Pakistan, was built with great thought and is locate in the South Waziristan Organization of Federally Managed Tribal Zones. In the year 2011, the dam was found to be serviceable.
It is located in both Azad Jammu and Kashmir, in the Mirpur region. The construction of the Mangla Dam began in 1961 and was finish in 1967. However, the dam\’s most essential commitments include flood control, irrigation, and the creation of water power. This dam has a crude storage capacity of 1,140,000 acre-feet. The sixty-kilometer-long main inland waterway would irrigate roughly 163,000 acres of barren land in the Reservoir region and Tehsil Kulachi in Dera Ismail Khan.