Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal emperor of South Asia, reigning from 1628 to 1658. And name after his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Whose name is connecte with the existence and ever-growing popularity of the Taj Mahal. everyone know about the History of Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan was the son of Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim. Famous by his imperial name Jahangir, and was born as Prince Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram in Lahore, Pakistan, in 1592. However, his grandfather Akbar the Great gave him Khurram, which means \”pleasure\” in Persian.
His father was so delighte by Shah Jahan\’s military prowess that he bestowed the title \”Shah Jahan Bahadur\” on him after defeating several opponents as young as Mewar, the Lodi in the Deccan, and Kangra. He was not just a capable military commander. But also an architect, as evidenced by his remodeling of the buildings within the Agra Fort. \”The Builder of the Marvels,\” out of all the titles he gained, was one of the most deserving.
History of Taj Mahal
The most crucial period of Shah Jahan\’s life began in 1607 when he was 15 years old and engage to Arjumand Banu Begum (Mumtaz Mahal). A Persian noblewoman\’s granddaughter who was just 14 years old at the time. In 1612, they both married, and Arjumand became her undeniable love. Khurram chose her form and character out of all the ladies of the time and gave her the moniker Mumtaz Mahal, which means \”Palace Jewel.\” They had 14 children together throughout their 19-year marriage (eight sons and six girls); seven died at birth or a young age. He also marriage two more women, Akbarabadi Mahal and Muti Begum.
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However, it is allege that these marriages were for political reasons, and the women he marriege for these reasons were referre to as \”royal wives.\” His Majesty\’s affection, sincere love, compassion, and favor for the Cradle of Excellence (Mumtaz) much outweighed his feelings for anyone else.\” She was his constant companion, accompanying him even on military missions, a trusted collaborator, and their bond was intense.
Shah Jahan began building on the world\’s most beautiful monument in her honor after dying in 1631 while giving birth to her 14th child. The monument, which contains Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, was dubbe the \”Taj Mahal\” after 22 years and 22,000 laborers to complete. Shah Jahan fell ill in 1657, and Dara, Mumtaz Mahal\’s eldest son, succeeded to his father\’s throne. Aurangzeb, his other son, marched to Agra with his younger brothers Shuja and Murad to demand his part of the kingdom. They annihilated Dara\’s armies and declared their father Shah Jahan ineligible to flee, placing him under house arrest in Agra Fort. When Shah Jahan died in prison in 1666, two men secretly removed his body and deposited it beside Mumtaz.
In 1983, the Taj Mahal was name a UNESCO World Heritage Site, describing it as \”India\’s gem of Muslim art. And one of the world\’s most acknowledged masterpieces of world cultural heritage. It is often regarded as an outstanding example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India\’s long history.
The Taj Mahal is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in the Agra region of Uttar Pradesh, amid a huge Mughal Garden of roughly 17 hectares. Construction on the mosque, guest house, and major gateway on the south began in 1631 AD and was completed in 1648 AD. The outer courtyard and its cloisters were constructed later and completed in 1653 AD. The Taj Mahal\’s chronology has been aided by various historical and Qur\’anic inscriptions in Arabic script. It was built with the help of architects, stonemasons, layers, sculptors, painters, calligraphers, dome makers, and other artisans from Central Asia and Iran. The Taj Mahal\’s original architect was Ustad Ahmad Lahori.
Due to India\’s tremendous traffic, air pollution is a big issue. Hence no car or bus can drive more than 500 meters from the Taj Mahal\’s entry to protect it from the damaging effects of pollution.
Let\’s look at a few interesting facts about the Taj Mahal:
The construction project involved an estimated 22,000 employees and 1000 elephants.
Mumtaz and Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor, are burie in the basement.
Every Friday, it is close, and only Muslims are permitte to attend the afternoon prayers.
The minarets were erecte with a little lean-to create a visual illusion. On the other hand, the minarets do not simply lean outwards to display their beauty; the architectural calculation also stems from the idea that if they did not lean outwards. However, they would fall and ruin the crown\’s center dome. If an earthquake occurs, this will be prevented.
According to legend, Emperor Shah Jahan planned to create another Taj Mahal across the river out of black marble, but a fight with his sons stopped his plans.
The Taj Mahal\’s ever-changing color is one of its most appealing features. The sun alters the temple from dawn to sunset. Sunrise is pearly grey and light pink, noon is dazzling white, and sunset is orange bronze. The Taj Mahal may appear translucent blue in the twilight. However, For the full moon and lunar eclipses, special tickets are even available.
The legend is that Shah Jahan want the Taj Mahal to be unreplicable. Thus he severed the hands of artisans to ensure that no one could duplicate it. There is more than a legend because there is no evidence to back up this allegation.
Taj Mahal proceeds to one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The following monuments were likewise built by Shah Jahan during his rule:
- Red Fort or Lal Quila (Delhi)
- Sections of the Agra Fort
- Jama Masjid (Delhi)
- Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque (Lahore)
- Shalimar Gardens (Lahore)
- Sections of the Lahore Fort (Lahore)
- Jahangir Mausoleum
- Shahjahan Mosque (Thatta) are some of the finest structures signifying the name of Shah Jahan, which means “King of the World” in Persian.